On 26 January at 14:15 Zahra Alijani will defend her doctoral thesis “Fuzzy integral equations of the second kind” for obtaining the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (in Mathematics).
Associate professor Uno Hämarik, University of Tartu
Associate professor Urve Kangro, University of Tartu
Professor Svetlana Asmuss, University of Latvia (Latvia)
Professor Jaan Janno, Tallinn University of Technology
In this thesis we investigated fuzzy integral equations of the second kind. These equations contain fuzzy functions, i.e. functions whose values are fuzzy numbers. We proved a regularity result for solution of fuzzy Volterra integral equations with smooth kernels. If the kernel changes sign, then the solution is not smooth in general. We proposed collocation method with triangular and rectangular basis functions for solving these equations. Using the regularity result we estimated the order of convergence of these methods. We also investigated fuzzy Volterra integral equations with weakly singular kernels. The existence, regularity and the fuzziness of the exact solution is studied. Collocation methods on discontinuous piecewise polynomial spaces are proposed. A convergence analysis is given. The fuzziness of the approximate solution is investigated. Both the analysis and numerical methods show that graded mesh is better than uniform mesh for these problems. We proposed a new numerical method for solving fuzzy Fredholm integral equations of the second kind. This method is based on approximation of all functions involved by Chebyshev polynomials. We analyzed the existence and uniqueness of both exact and approximate fuzzy solutions. We proved the convergence and fuzziness of the approximate solution.